Image for post
Image for post
Photo Credit: Author

Although largely understudied because of its secretive nature, covert action is often used as a policy tool. It is an arm of state power which like diplomacy and military power can be used to assist actors in shaping reality. As much as it has been in the public eye of late, covert action isn’t limited to modern western democracies but has been around since the formation of early states and societies where it was employed as a common tool of statecraft. …


Image for post
Image for post
Srinagar, Kashmir 2014. India. Photographed by the Author.

Introduction

This article examines the relationship between India and Pakistan regarding the issue of Kashmir. It suggests that the construction of these three entities was primarily facilitated by local dynamics and political forces working under the umbrella of the former British colonial empire. It reflects on the post-independence grievances and argues that these continue to be endured by several groups without being limited to one single group over the other. …


Image for post
Image for post
Tech Titans Appear for a Remote Hearing, July 29th, 2020

During a live hearing conducted before the House Judiciary Committee on Wednesday July 29th , four of the world’s most powerful tech titans testified at an antitrust hearing titled: ‘Online Platforms and Market Power: Examining the Dominance of Amazon, Apple, Facebook and Google.’

In a session which lasted for five and a half hours, members of the United States’ Congress asked the four CEO’s grueling questions which echoed many concerns which the public has been vocal about over the past several years. …


Image for post
Image for post
Type 6 Bungalow: built during early 1900’s. Lucknow, India. Photograph by the Author.

The term ‘development’ refers to the self-sustained economic growth of a country or an institution. The process is usually determined by observing improvements in the living standards of a population as a whole. Ideally, economic development should influence peace, lead towards security and facilitate international co-existence. Broadly defined and according to several developmental theorists, economic development can lead to poverty eradication and prosperity for societies.

Today, most of the world’s impoverished nations are identified in an area defined as the global South where a large percentage of extreme poverty trends are displayed. To overcome these poverty trends, several international governance agencies and financial institutions have been set up in order to facilitate development schemes. These organizations work closely with the United Nations system to promote poverty reduction and contribute towards creating the mechanisms for global financial institutions and financial growth. …


Image for post
Image for post
“One night I dreamed that I painted a large American flag,” Jasper Johns said of his work: “Flag” (panels, paint, and encaustic) 1954–55. Picture from MOMA’s collection.

On the last Monday of May, American citizens celebrate Memorial Day to honor and mourn the military personnel who’ve died while serving in the United States Armed Forces. As we give reverence to the fallen, let’s also keep the men and women in our thoughts who’re currently serving in countries thousands of miles away from our borders, engaged in wars which largely serve the interests of a coterie of economic elites who guide the decision making process in this country.

Over the years, several academics and concerned citizens have questioned the significance or impact of the ordinary person upon public policymaking. Some have even posed the theory whether the United States is an oligarchy — a government controlled by a small group of powerful people. …


‘If there’s a 1% chance [that a threat is real], we have to treat it as a certainty in terms of our response. It’s not about our analysis … It’s about our response.’

-Dick Cheney

Image for post
Image for post


by Alexander Klimburg

Image for post
Image for post
Image Courtesy: Author

Did you know that in order to guard China’s cyberspace known as the Great Chinese Firewall, more people are employed manning it than are currently serving in the People’s Liberation Army, the largest military on earth? Or, that software code can be much more complex than some forms of life?

For those of us who would like to grasp the “cyberspace beast” by its horns, along with the technical realities and policy solutions which form the construct of the cyber realm, Dr. Alexander Klimburg’s book, ‘The Darkening Web: the War for Cyberspace’ (Penguin, 2017), is an essential textbook for both beginners and seasoned practitioners. …


“Non-State Armed Groups and Stability: Reconsidering Legitimacy and Inclusion” | by Sukanya Poddar, 2013

Image for post
Image for post
The Grand Mosque in the Village of Munarrah. Dedicated by the Mukashfi Order. Sudan. 2018. Photograph by the Author.

What is a Non State Armed Group? Although various definitions exist, The International Council on Human Rights Policy suggests that as a broad umbrella term it can include groups that ‘are armed and use force to achieve their objectives and are not under state control.’ Recent International Relations (IR) and security literature has advocated the inclusion of criminal gangs, mercenaries, private security contractors, and terrorists as well.

In ‘Non-State Armed Groups and Stability: Reconsidering Legitimacy and Inclusion,’ Sukanya Poddar defines ‘NSAGs’ as groups that possess a hierarchical organization, use violence for political ends, are independent from state control, and have some degree of territorial control over a specific geographic area. …


International Organizations, Global Governance and the Role of Neoliberal Institutions in the Promotion of Postmodern Imperialism

Image for post
Image for post
Raed Saleh, lead organizer of the The White Helmets group, speaks at a panel discussion hosted by The Independent Diplomat in New York. Moderated by Ken Roth, Executive Director, Human Rights Watch. September 2016. Photo by Miss Singh

Abstract: This article considers the dynamics between international organizations and civil society groups which can be utilized by global actors to create new or parallel systems of governance. Spheres of authority related to broad-gauged advocacy networks, special interest organizations, informal systems, corporations and NGO’s may be exploited by actors to influence action and coerce compliance from organizations, groups and governments. …


In response to Sir Salman Rushdie’s answer to the Albanian Ambassador’s tweet. Or as Asiya Zahoor wrote: ‘One Must Sing Before Tongues Are Tied’

Image for post
Image for post
Bringing the Serbs to Heel: A Massive Bombing Attack Opens The Door To Peace. Time Magazine. September 11, 2005. Source: Google.

It all started yesterday when PEN America’s President, Jennifer Egan issued a statement critical of the Swedish Academy’s choice of Peter Handke for the 2019 Nobel Prize in Literature. In response, “Sir” Salman Rushdie answered a tweet addressed to him by the Albanian Ambassador to the United States: “I wrote about Handke’s idiocies 20 years ago. I agree with you.”

This was a surprising remark (or unsurprising), since Sir Rushdie gallantly tasks himself to be viewed as the contemporary agent provocateur and the New World’s postmodern muse. A writer himself, shouldn’t the knighted bachelor comment on the actual body of work by the Austrian author and refrain from spewing ad-hominem attacks on social media? Has he conveniently forgotten the Fatwa issued to him by the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in 1989 amidst the violent reaction of Muslims to the publication of his novel ‘The Satanic Verses?’ As people chanted “death to Rushdie” in Iran, India, Pakistan and beyond, with the book being banned and burnt in several countries; what was the author thinking as the world “exploded around him?” Rushdie even made a statement to the British press association when he was questioned about the virulent reaction to his book by the revolutionary cleric: “I doubt very much Khomeini or anyone else in Iran has read the book or anything more than selected extracts taken out of context.” …

About

Miss Singh

International Affairs • Cyber • Diplomacy • Statecraft • Biryani and Sake’ Lover • A Polyglot Citizen • Cosmopolitan •

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store